Tuberculosis(TB), is also known as Koch’s disease, Kshayaroga or rajyakshma. It is a serious infection caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis that mainly affects the lungs although it can occur anywhere in the body. In case, the sputum test of the patient is positive it spreads from one person to the other via droplets into in the air by coughing or sneezing.
As per Ayurveda, Tuberculosis which is known as rajyakshma is a debilitating disease in which there is poor tissue metabolism due to dhatwagni mandya and the thinning of the tissue (dhatu kshaya) takes place.
One quarter of global tuberculosis burden accounts in India. Multi Drug resistance tuberculosis cases is found to more
Causes of Tuberculosis:
As per Ayurveda, the blockage of scrota’s (channels) carrying nutritious part of food leads to cough and various other symptoms of tuberculosis.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis:
- Coughing which is moderate to severe and lasts for three or more weeks.
- Blood in cough
- Pain in chest
- Fever and Chills
- Pain during breathing or coughing
- Poor or loss of appetite
As mentioned earlier, tuberculosis may occur anywhere in the body other than lungs. In such cases where tuberculosis occurs in kidney, spine, brain or other body organs, the symptoms may not have cough or breathing issues but only fever and weight loss.
Diagnosis of Tuberculosis:
Apart from physical examination such as lymph node swellings, doctors may advice the following investigations to be done:
Mantoux Test: It is the most commonly used diagnostic skin test for tuberculosis.
Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA): This blood test measures the body’s response to TB antigens and causes the immune system to make antibodies.
Chest X-Ray or a CT scan: If the Mantoux Test comes positive then to rule out the extend of infection, doctors advise for chest X-Ray or a CT scan.
Sputum Tests: In this test, the sample of mucous from your cough is collected and test. It is tested for Tuberculosis Bacteria. If the Sputum test is positive then this type of Tuberculosis spreads from one person through another via droplets of coughing and sneezing in air. If the sputum test is negative, then this type of Tuberculosis doesn’t spread from one person to another via droplets of sneezing or coughing.
Commonly used Ayurvedic Medicines in Tuberculosis:
- Silopaladi churna
- Eladi Churna
- Madhumalini vasanta
- Swarna malini vasanta
The above given ayurvedic medication should be taken only after proper consultation with the ayurvedic doctor.
Ayurvedic Panchakarma Procedures in Tuberculosis:
Snehana: Authentic ayurvedic body massage through customised medicinal oils.
Swedana: It is sweat therapy done after snehana so as to accumulate the toxins at one place in the body.
Vamana (emesis): It is involuntary (forceful) excretion of toxins from the mouth with the help of ayurvedic herbs intake. This procedure is performed after the swedana and depends on the person’s prakriti (nature) of the body.
Virechana(purgation): It is the forceful excretion of toxins through the anus with the help of ayurvedic herbs intake. This procedure is performed after the swedana and depends on the person’s prakriti (nature) of the body.
Panchakarma therapy should be avoided in children, pregnant women and old peoples.
Dietary and lifestyle habits as per Ayurveda in Tuberculosis:
- Daily consume goat’s milk (1-2 glass)
- Intake fruits like pomegranate, avala, mango
- Include vegetable soups
- Pure cow ghee intake in diet
- Non veg soups of chicken and mutton
- Raisins, jaggery and sugar provides instant energy.
- Include barley in diet.
- Food rich in protein
- Green leafy vegetables
- Do meditation
- Do not consume excessive oily foods
- Vegetables like brinjal and bitter gourd
- Avoid excessive sexual intercourse
- Avoid daytime sleep
- Avoid extreme emotions like anger
- Avoid excessive physical work or exercise
Integrate Ayurveda with the mainline Tuberculosis treatment
Tuberculosis is a contagious disease that can spread through air. Development of Multi Drug resistant strains of TB bacilli has made difficult for the allopathic medicines to completely treat and cure this disease. Taking Ayurveda medicines and therapy after consultation with the doctor has proven to manage the conditions better. DOTS therapy is widely used for the tuberculosis treatment but it can have potential side effects. Ayurvedic medicines and therapy helps to reduce the side effects and catalyses the DOTS process and makes them work faster and more effectively.
Although, its recommended to keep allopathy DOTS (Direct Observed Treatment, Short course) as the mainline treatment and management for Tuberculosis. But, ayurvedic herbs and panchakarma therapy as stated in this article for Tuberculosis can be taken along with the allopathy treatment. Integrating Ayurveda along the DOTS therapy proves to be highly effective in curing tuberculosis. And also, helps to reduce the side effects of the high power antibiotics as prescribed in Tuberculosis. Do consult your doctor before taking these medications along with the antibiotics.