Dengue fever also popularly known as break-bone fever spreads to people through mosquito bites specifically of the species Aedes aegypti which is infected with the virus before. Mosquito acts as a carrier to spread this dangerous dengue fever and the only cause being the virus. The instances of its spread and death increase manifolds during monsoon and especially in children. Monsoon is the season of waterlogging and a favorable environment for mosquitoes to reproduce and spread especially in low socio-economic regions.
There’s a huge population of people all around the who get infected with this dangerous dengue virus every year and some cases complicate and may even lead to death. In this article, we will focus on understanding the symptoms of dengue fever, what to do next, and the scope of homeopathy in the management of dengue fever.
Sign and Symptoms of Dangerous Dengue fever
Dengue fever mostly occurs in tropical and subtropical areas around the world. It starts as a normal high-grade fever which usually makes its differentiation from other viral fever difficult. Hence, it is very important to have a keen observation about your sign and symptoms and get in touch with a healthcare provider if you find any two-three symptoms. Infants have to be offered special care as they lie under the susceptible age group and cannot speak or depict much about their sufferings. The major sign and symptoms to be observed are:
- The symptoms may occur after 4-10 days after you have been bitten by the mosquito. So, be careful if you have traveled recently to any of the dengue-prone areas especially with your infant, and developed flu-like symptoms. It might not be just normal flu but dengue fever.
- Dengue fever is known to have very high-grade pyrexia (104 F).
Other symptoms accompanied with high temperature is –
- Severe headache
- Nausea may or may not be accompanied by vomiting
- Painful and sore eye orbits
- Sore and aching muscles, bone, and joints
- Generalized or localized rash
- May include the glands and their symptoms such as swelling, pain
- Loss of appetite
These symptoms if mild may persist for a week or more and people gradually recover while in some cases complication occurs which leads to a life-threatening condition. Warning signs that quickly develop and should not be ignored are as follows:
- Persistent vomiting
- Continuous and severe stomach ache
- Bright red blood is seen around gums or nose indicative of fresh bleeding
- Bruises observed here and there under the skin
- Dyspnoea (painful breathing)
- Out of proportion lethargy
- Restlessness and anxiety
Such warning signs should never be ignored in dengue fever cases as they indicate complications and immediate medical help and hospital administration in such cases are advised.
Risk factors that predispose one towards developing dengue fever and a severe complicated form are:
- If you live in a high-risk area for dengue fever or if you have any travel history to any such area recently.
- If you have had dengue fever instance in the past, it makes you prone to develop a more severe and gross form of symptoms if you get infected again.
- Living in a poor hygienic condition
When to show up to a doctor:
Three important points that indicate the seriousness of the condition and immediate expert help and advice are:
Watch out for your symptoms any complications or warning signs.
Check about your travel history and if the place you visited is on the high-risk chart for dengue.
If you had dengue fever earlier.
Now, while we are already struggling with a virus-caused pandemic it is very important tasty aware and not confuse ourselves with every sign and symptom of flu and fever being covid19, instead reach out to a medical expert and ask for help. Homeopathy can help in managing the platelets count if a diagnosis is made on time. The major complications in the case of dengue fever arise due to excessive fall in platelet count. Normal platelet count- 1.5 lakhs to 4.5 lakhs/ microliter In dengue fever- as low as 20,000 to 40,000 which is a dangerous condition
Scope of homeopathy in managing dangerous dengue fever:
Homeopathy offers scope in managing cases of dengue and the prognosis is good as early as the diagnosis is made. Homeopathy working on the principle of similar works effectively in natural diseases and ailments. “ law of similar” also works effectively in the cases of an epidemic outbreak such as dengue. Genus epidemicus is the similimum in such cases which are found after going through the case taking and repertorization of many cases. This can prove to be an effective remedy and also save time where there is no less time for recurrent case taking. It can be used as a curative remedy and also as a preventive remedy in cases of dengue fever.
If we refer to the homeopathic literature many references suggest the remedies and their efficacy in the treatment of epidemic dengue fever. The remedies provide symptomatic relief to the patient as the sign and symptoms are the manifestations of the disease. It is also recorded in several studies that homeopathy helped in reducing the instances of complication and speeded up the recovery. Following medicines are helpful when indicated the correct potency and repetition.
Bryonia alba- the gradual onset of fever, chilliness, a thirsty person with extreme irritation and sluggishness aggravated by any motion.
Eupatorum perfoliatum- is indicated she there is severe pain in the bones as if it is broken, hence dengue is also known as breakbone fever. There’s vomiting and headache especially on the occiput while lying down.
Gelsemium- The fever is accompanied by dullness, dizziness, drowsiness. Pain in eye orbits and trembling when attempted to move indicates this remedy.
Other remedies which are indicated mostly are- Belladonna, Aconite, China officialis, Rhus tox, Arsenic, Pulsatilla, etc.
Advantages of homeopathy
The major advantages of choosing homeopathy are easy to administer doses and non-invasive treatment ways. It can be easily dispensed to a large population especially in cases of an outbreak. Cost effectivity and no side-effect and no residual symptoms remain later. It can be used both as preventive and curative medicines.
Preventing the spread of the virus and hindering the progress of breakbone fever depend mainly on limiting its spread through containment of the spread of mosquitoes by keeping the space you live clean, by using mosquito repellant especially during their breeding and spreading season. Try to cover yourself and your infants with full-sleeved clothing. Look out for water pits such as AC trays, room coolers, or tanks and remove the collected water and clean the area. Remember to take all the precautions to save yourself especially if you are living in a potentially high-risk area. Dengue is preventable and the prognosis is good if the proper treatment is started under a trained professional, let’s do our bit to prevent it.